Austrian actor Maximilian Schell, who won an Oscar for his role in the 1961 film Judgment at Nuremberg, has died at the age of 83.
He died overnight at a clinic in the Austrian city of Innsbruck after "a sudden and serious illness", his agent said. Schell had been treated for pneumonia earlier this week.
He was one of the most famous German-speaking actors to have gained international renown.
A stage actor, Schell began his Hollywood career in the late 1950s when he starred alongside Marlon Brando in the World War Two film, The Young Lions. In 1961, he was awarded an Oscar for best actor for his role as the defence lawyer of a Nazi war criminal. The cast also included Marlene Dietrich, Burt Lancaster and Spencer Tracy.
Over the next three decades, Schell appeared in numerous big US productions. His diverse characters ranged from a museum treasure thief in Topkapi (1964), to a mad scientist in sci-fi film The Black Hole (1979), to a Russian KGB colonel in Candles in the Dark (1998).
He literally creeped me out as a kid in The Black Hole. In fact, his giant robot companion in the movie was named after him.